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Correct Option is 1 and 2 only

1. These newspapers were not established as profit-making business ventures, but were seen as rendering national and public service. 2. In fact, these newspapers had a wide reach and they stimulated a library movement. Their impact was not limited to the cities and towns; these newspapers reached remote villages, where each news item and editorial would be read and discussed thoroughly in the 'local libraries', which would gather around a single newspaper. In this way, these libraries served the purpose of not only political education, but also of political participation. 3. In these newspapers, government acts and policies were put to critical scrutiny. They acted as an institution of opposition to the Government.

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