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Original jurisdiction of a court refers to a matter for which the particular court is approached first. In the case of the Supreme Court in India, its original jurisdiction is covered under Article 131. It involves the following cases: Any dispute between the Indian Government and one or more States. Any dispute between the Indian Government and one or more States on one side and one or more States on the other side. Any dispute between two or more States. Article 32 of the Constitution provides original jurisdiction (not exclusive as one can also go high court) to the SC for matters regarding the enforcement of Fundamental Rights. Also, the advice expressed by the Supreme Court is not a judicial pronouncement. Hence, it is not binding on the president; he may follow or may not follow the opinion. The Supreme Court can issue writs only for the enforcement of the Fundamental Rights and not for other purposes.

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