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Answer

Correct Option is Both 1 and 2

The Constitution of India has established a permanent and independent body to ensure free and fair elections in the country known as the Election Commission. Article 324 of the Constitution provides that the power of superintendence, direction, and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India, and the office of vice president of India shall be vested in the election commission. 1. The Constitution has not debarred the retiring election commissioners from any further appointment by the government. 2. The Constitution has not prescribed the qualifications (legal, educational, administrative, or judicial) of the members of the Election Commission. 3. The Constitution has not specified the term of the members of the Election Commission. 61st Amendment Act of 1988, lowered the voting age of elections to the Lok Sabha and to the Legislative Assemblies of States from 21 years to 18 years. Hence statements 1 and 2 are incorrect.

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