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Answer

Correct Option is Both 1 and 2

The doctrine of Double Jeopardy: Article 20(2) says that no person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once. This is called the Doctrine of Double Jeopardy. The objective of this article is to avoid harassment, which must be caused for successive criminal proceedings, where the person has committed only one crime. There are two aspects of the Doctrine of Jeopardy viz. autrefois convict and autrefois acquit. Autrefois convict means that the person has been previously convicted in respect of the same offence. The autrefois acquit means that the person has been acquitted on the same charge on which he is being prosecuted. Please note that Constitution bars double punishment for the same offence. The conviction for such offence does not bar for subsequent trial and conviction for another offence and it does not matter some ingredients of these two offences are common.

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