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Answer

Correct Option is 2 and 3 only

• In 1854, Charles Wood prepared a ‘Despatch’ on the educational system for India. • Considered the ‘Magna Carta of English Education in India’, this document was the first comprehensive plan for the spread of education in India. (i) It asked the Government of India to assume responsibility for the education of the masses, thus repudiating the 'Downward Filtration Theory', at least on paper. (ii) It systematized the hierarchy from Vernacular Primary Schools in villages at bottom, followed by Anglo-Vernacular High Schools and an affiliated college at the district level, and affiliating universities in the presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. (iii) It recommended English as the medium of instruction for higher studies and vernaculars at the school level. (iv) It laid stress on female and vocational education, and on teachers' training. (v) It laid down that the education imparted in the government institutions should be secular. (vi) It recommended a system of grants-in-aid to encourage the private enterprise.

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