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Answer

Correct Option is Special Majority

Articles 153 to 167 in Part VI of the Constitution deal with state executive. The state executive consists of the governor,the chief minister,the council of ministers and the advocate general of the state. The States having bicameral system, the state legislature consists of the governor, the legislative council and the legislative assembly. The legislative council (Vidhan Parishad) is the upper house (second chamber or house of elders), while the legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha) is the lower house (first chamber or popular house). Constitution provides for the abolition or creation of legislative councils in states. Accordingly, the Parliament can abolish a legislative council or create it,if the legislative assembly of the concerned state passes a resolution to that effect. Such a specific resolution must be passed by the state assembly by a special majority, that is, a majority of the total membership of the assembly and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of assembly present and voting. Thus Option (b) is correct.

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