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Correct Option is Only a

Statement a: Article 3 empowers the Parliament to redefine the boundaries of States with or without the consent of the respective State government. Article 3. Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States Parliament may by law:- a. Form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State; b. increase the area of any State; c. diminish the area of any States; d. alter the name of any state; Under Article 3, the Constitution empowers Parliament to form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State. The Constitution further states that Parliament has the power to increase or diminish the area of any State or to alter the boundaries or names of any State. However, Parliament has followed certain procedures in this regard. A Bill giving effect to any or all the changes stated above can be introduced in either House of the Parliament, only on the recommendation of the President. If such a bill affects the boundary or name of a State, then the President, before introducing it in the Parliament, shall refer the Bill to the State Legislature concerned for its opinion, fixing a time limit within which an opinion may be expressed by the State Legislature. The President may extend the time limit so specified. If the State Legislature fails to express an opinion within the stipulated time limit then it is deemed that it has expressed its views. If it submits its views within the period so specified or extended, Parliament is not bound to accept or act upon the views of the State Legislature, Further, it is not necessary to make fresh reference to the State Legislature every time an amendment to the Bill is proposed and accepted. The Bill is passed with a simple majority. Statement b: Unitary feature is the one having only a single government at the central level.

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