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Correct Option is New Education Policy

Committee led by Dr K. Kasturirangan presented New Draft of National Education Policy. The Draft Policy is built on foundational pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability & Accountability. Key Recommendations Sanskrit at all levels of education: Sanskrit should be taught at all levels of school and higher education as one of the optional languages on par with all Schedule 8 languages. Sanskrit textbooks at the Foundational and Middle school level may be rewritten in Simple Standard Sanskrit (SSS) in order to teach Sanskrit through Sanskrit (STS). Extension of the Right To Education (RTE) Act: RTE, which currently applies to classes I to VIII, will now be applicable to the entire school system from pre-school to class XII. It will cover children of ages 3 to 18 (preschool to senior secondary level). Restructuring of school curriculum and 5+3+3+4 design: Under the proposed 5+3+3+4 design The first five years of schooling of children in the age group of 3 to 8 years would be marked as Foundational Stage (it includes three years of pre-primary plus grade 1 and grade 2). The next three years of schooling, to be marked as a Preparatory Stage for the children in the age group of 8 to 11 years (will include grades 3 to 5). Middle Stage (grades 6 to 8) for the students in the age group of 11-14 years. Secondary Stage (Grades 9-12) for students in the age group of 14-18 years. Schools will be re-organized into school complexes. System for flexible and multiple board examinations: Introduction of a semester system in school education for students of classes 10 to 12, with provisions for holding "flexible and modular board examinations". Students will be able to take a board examination in a given subject in whichever semester they take the corresponding class in school,whenever they feel most ready. They should be able to take any such subject board examination again if they feel they can study and do better. Restructuring of the higher education institutions: by placing them under three categories: The first primarily being focussed on research. Second providing high-quality teaching across disciplines with significant contribution to research. Third providing quality teaching focussed on undergraduate education. It also suggests the introduction of four-year undergraduate programmes in higher education institutions and restructuring of the current 3-year BA, Bsc, B Com and B Voc programmes with provisions to provide students with "multiple exit and entry options". Establishment of a Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog (National Education Commission): as a constitutional body through an Act of Parliament, with the Prime Minister being its Chairperson. Rajya Shiksha Ayog/State Education Commissions may be constituted in each state. Establishment of one higher education regulator—National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA)— that will subsume all other bodies like UGC, AICTE and others into it. A national programme for the professional development of faculty members of the higher education institutions.

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