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Answer

Correct Option is Republic and democracy don’t mean the same thing, and even democracy has many interpretations.

The paragraph is about the true meanings of ‘Republic’ and ‘Democracy’. The author tries to bring the comparative figure of both these terms with the help of Athens as an example. Read the sentence just before the gap, it can be inferred from there that only option (a) fills the gap appropriately as it further explains the differentiation between the two. Other options fail to make valid substitution to the space provided. 

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