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Answer

Correct Option is Special Majority

The Emergency provisions are contained in Part XVIII of the Constitution, from Articles 352 to 360. The proclamation of Emergency must be approved by both the Houses of Parliament within one month from the date of its issue. Every resolution approving the proclamation of emergency or its continuance must be passed by either House of Parliament by a special majority 1.Majority of the total membership of that house and 2.Majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that house present and voting. This special majority provision was introduced by the 44th Amendment Act of 1978. Previously, such resolution could be passed by a simple majority of the Parliament. Hence Option (b) is correct.

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