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Answer

Correct Option is Lord Canning

The Indian Councils Act 1861 made a beginning of representative institutions by associating Indians with the law-making process. It thus provided that the viceroy should nominate some Indians as non-official members of his expanded council. The portfolio system was introduced by Lord Canning in 1859. Under this, a member of the Viceroy’s council was made in-charge of one or more departments of the government and was authorised to issue final orders on behalf of the council on matters of his departments. Lord Canning also abolished the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’, and from now Indian princes were allowed to adopt a successor in order to carry forward their rule. This decision was taken after the revolt of 1857.

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