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Answer

Correct Option is 2 and 3

Articles 52 to 78 in Part V of the Constitution deal with the Union executive. The President is the head of the Indian State. He is the first citizen of India and acts as the symbol of unity, integrity and solidarity of the nation. The President’s election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting is by secret ballot. This system ensures that the successful candidate is returned by the absolute majority of votes. A candidate, in order to be declared elected to the office of President, must secure a fixed quota of votes. Hence statement 1 is incorrect and statement 2 and 3 are correct.

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