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Correct Option is Only 2

Defection has been defined as abandoning a position or association, often to join an opposing group. The 52nd Amendment Act of 1985 provided for the disqualification of the members of Parliament and the state legislatures on the ground of defection from one political party to another. It made changes to the Constitution and added a new Schedule (the Tenth Schedule) to the Constitution. This act is referred to as the ‘anti-defection law’. Parliament(Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha) and the state legislature(legislative assembly and legislative council). Any question regarding disqualification arising out of defection is to be decided by the presiding officer of the House. Independent Members A member of a House (elected without being set up as a candidate by any political party) becomes disqualified to remain a member of the House if he joins any political party after such election. Hence statement 1 is incorrect and statement 2 is correct.

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