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Answer

Correct Option is 1,2 and 3

The various challenges faced by political parties are Lack of Internal democracy 1. Every member of the party does not have a chance to take part in the decision making process. 2. Power remains in the hands of a few top leaders, who do not consult ordinary members. 3. Ordinary members have no information about the internal working of the party Money and Muscle Power 1. Money is needed to organize demonstrations, public meetings, and speeches to publicize the image of the party. Parties choose those candidates who can raise money for the party and win elections with their money. 2. Sometimes parties also support criminals candidates because they can win elections. Factionalism and defections The Anti-Defection Law was passed in 1985 through the 52nd Amendment to the Constitution, which added the Tenth Schedule to the Indian Constitution. The main intent of the law was to combat “the evil of political defections". Hence all statements are correct.

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