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Answer

Correct Option is Only 3

The Constitution of India provides for a federal system of government in the country. The framers adopted the federal system due to two main reasons the large size of the country and its socio-cultural diversity. They realised that the federal system not only ensures the efficient governance of the country but also reconciles national unity with regional autonomy. The term federation has nowhere been used in the Constitution. Article 1 of the Constitution describes India as a Union of States. 1. The Indian federation is not the result of an agreement among the states like the American federation 2. The states have no right to secede from the federation. The federation is a union because it is indestructible. Hence only statement 3 is correct.

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