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Provisions of Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 The provisions of Part IX of the constitution relating to the Panchayats are not applicable to the Fifth Schedule areas. The Parliament may extend these provisions to such areas, subject to such exceptions and modifications as it may specify. PESA Act, 1996 extends the provisions of Part IX of the Constitution relating to panchayats to the scheduled areas with certain modifications. The reservation of seats in the Scheduled Areas in every Panchayat shall be in proportion to the population of communities for whom the reservation is sought to be given under Part IX of the Constitution. The reservation for the Scheduled Tribes shall not be less than one-half of the total number of seats. Further, all seats of Chairpersons of Panchayats at all levels shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes.

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