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Answer

Correct Option is 1 and 3

The Directive Principles of State Policy are enumerated in Part IV of the Constitution from Articles 36 to 51. 1. The Directive Principles are non-justiciable in nature. They are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation. The government (Central, state and local) cannot be compelled to implement them. The Constitution (Article 37) itself says that these principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws. Hence statement 1 is not correct. 2. They embody the concept of a ‘welfare state’. In brief, they seek to establish economic and social democracy in the country. They aim at realising the high ideals of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as outlined in the Preamble to Constitution. Hence statement 2 is correct. 3. The Constitution does not contain any classification of Directive Principles. However, on the basis of their content and direction, they can be classified into three broad categories, viz, socialistic, Gandhian and liberal–intellectual. Hence statement 3 is not correct.

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