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Answer

Correct Option is 2 and 3

The commission is the watchdog of human rights in the country, that is, the rights relating to life, liberty, equality, and dignity of individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India. The National Human Rights Commission is statutory. It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament, namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. 1. It has no power to punish the violators of human rights, nor to award any relief including monetary relief to the victim. 2. Its recommendations are not binding on the concerned government or authority. 3. The commission is not empowered to inquire into any matter after expiry of one year from the date on which the act constituting a violation of human rights is alleged to have been committed. 4. The commission submits its annual or special reports to the Central government and to the state government concerned. These reports are laid before the respective legislatures, along with a memorandum of action taken on the recommendations of the commission and the reasons for nonacceptance of any of such recommendations. Hence statements 2 and 3 are incorrect and statement 1 is correct.

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