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Answer

Correct Option is illustrate the claim that assessing intellectual authority requires an appeal to institutional authority

Refer the second last paragraph of the passage, “But the critics might respond, intellectual authority is only recognized as such because of institutional consensus. For example, if a musicologist were to claim that an alleged musical genius who, after several decades…” Hence the author discusses the example from musicology to illustrate the claim that assessing intellectual authority requires an appeal to institutional authority. Hence (d) is the correct choice in context of the passage.

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