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The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020 and 350 million by 2030. The 2020 target was launched at a high level event in Bonn in 2011, organized by the Government of Germany and IUCN, and was later endorsed and extended to 2030 by the New York Declaration on Forests of the 2014 UN Climate Summit. The Bonn Challenge is an implementation vehicle for national priorities, such as water and food security, and rural development, while simultaneously helping countries contribute to the achievement of international climate change, biodiversity and land degradation commitments. The restoration of 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested lands in biomes around the world – in line with the forest landscape restoration (FLR) approach – will create approximately US$ 84 billion per year in net benefits that could bring direct additional income opportunities for the rural communities.

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