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Correct Option is 1, 2 and 3

In respect of matters on which both the Parliament and the state legislatures have the power of legislation (i.e., the subjects enumerated in the Concurrent List), the executive power rests with the states except when a Constitutional provision or a parliamentary law specifically confers it on the Centre. Further Article 257 provides that States must exercise their executive power in such a way so as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union in the State. Article 256 provides that the executive power of the State shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by the Parliament and executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of such directions to a state as it may deem essential for the purpose. Center’s Directions to the States - The Centre is empowered to give directions to the states with regard to the exercise of their executive power in the following matters: The construction and maintenance of means of communication (declared to be of national or military importance) by the state; The measures to be taken for the protection of the railways within the state; The provision of adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups in the state; and The drawing up and execution of the specified schemes for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in the state. Constitution prescribes coercive sanction for the enforcement of its directions through Article 356. Hence all the statements are correct.

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