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Answer

Correct Option is Only 2

Article 72 of the Constitution empowers the President to grant pardons to persons who have been tried and convicted of any offence in all cases where the 1. Punishment or sentence is for an offence against a Union Law 2. Punishment or sentence is by a court-martial (military court) 3.The sentence is a sentence of death The pardoning power of the President is independent of the Judiciary; it is executive power. But, the President while exercising this power, does not sit as a court of appeal. The object of conferring this power on the President's two-fold: (a) to keep the door open for correcting any judicial errors in the operation of law; and, (b) to afford relief from a sentence, which the President regards as unduly harsh. Hence only statement 2 is correct.

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