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Correct Option is None of the above

There is no mention of the term “Basic Structure” anywhere in the Indian Constitution. The idea that the Parliament cannot introduce laws that would amend the basic structure of the constitution evolved gradually over time and in many cases. The idea is to preserve the nature of Indian democracy and protect the rights and liberties of people. This doctrine helps to protect and preserve the spirit of the constitution document. The present position that the Parliament under Article 368 can amend any part of the Constitution including the Fundamental Rights but without affecting the basic structure of the Constitution. The Supreme Court is yet to define or clarify as to what constitutes the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution. Thus from the various judgements, the ‘basic features’ of the Constitution have emerged. Hence all statements are incorrect.

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