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Answer

Correct Option is Voluntary Provisions

73RD AMENDMENT ACT OF 1992 It has added a new Part-IX to the Constitution of India. This part is entitled as ‘The Panchayats’ and consists of provisions from Articles 243 to 243 O. In addition, the act has also added a new Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution. Its provisions are identified as compulsory (obligatory or mandatory) and voluntary (discretionary or optional). Voluntary Provisions 1. Giving representation to members of the Parliament (both the Houses) and the state legislature (both the Houses) in the panchayats at different levels falling within their constituencies. 2. Providing reservation of seats (both members and chairpersons) for backward classes in panchayats at any level. 3.Granting powers and authority to panchayats to enable them to function as institutions of self-government 4. Granting financial powers to the panchayats, that is, authorizing them to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls, and fees 5.Devolution of powers and responsibilities upon panchayats to prepare plans for economic development and social justice; and to perform some or all of the 29 functions listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution. Hence Option (b) is correct.

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