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Correct Option is 52nd Amendment Act

91st Amendment Act 2003 The total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. 86th Amendment Act 2002 It provided Right to Education as a fundamental right in part-III of the Constitution. The same amendment inserted Article 21A which made Right to Education a fundamental right for children between 6-14 years. 52nd Amendment Act 1985 The 10th Schedule of the Indian Constitution popularly referred to as the Anti-Defection Law was inserted by to the Constitution. The law applies to both Parliament and state assemblies. The aim of the Anti-Defection Law is to prevent MPs and MLAs from switching political parties for any personal motive. A member incurs disqualification under the defection law if 1.He voluntary gives up the membership of the political party on whose ticket he is elected to the House 2.He votes or abstains from voting in the House contrary to any direction given by his political party 3.Any independently elected member joins any political party; and 4.Any nominated member joins any political party after the expiry of six months. It is decided by the presiding officer (speaker/chairman) of the legislative houses. Hence Option(a) is correct.

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