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Answer

Correct Option is Both

"Regional Parties in India Other than the 8 national parties- Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Nationalist Congress Party, Communist Parties, Bahujan Samaj Party, Rashtriya Janata Dal, All India Trinamool Congress, and National People's Party; most of the major parties of the country are classified by the Election Commission as ‘State parties’. These are commonly referred to as regional parties. Yet these parties need not be regional in their ideology or outlook. Some of these parties are all Indian parties that happen to have succeeded only in some states. The presence of a number of ethnic, cultural, linguistic, religious, and caste groups within the Indian society is greatly responsible for the origin and growth of regional parties. In India regional parties are based on themes like– Identity, Statehood, Autonomy, and Development, etc. Hence both statements are correct."

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