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Answer

Correct Option is Bengal

The British came to India in 1600 as traders, in the form of East India Company, which had the exclusive right of trading in India under a charter granted by Queen Elizabeth I. In 1765, the Company, which till now had purely trading functions obtained the ‘Diwani’ (i.e., rights over revenue and civil justice) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa thus started its career as a territorial power. Regulating Act of 1773 provided for the establishment of a Supreme Court at Calcutta (1774)comprising one chief justice and three other judges.

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