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Correct Option is New Tuberculosis (TB) vaccines

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) launched India’s first large-scale trial for two new tuberculosis (TB) vaccines. There are two vaccines being tested in the latest trial: Immuvac (also known as mycobacterium indicus pranii or MIP), which is manufactured by Cadila Pharmaceuticals in Ahmedabad, and VPM1002 manufactured by Serum Institute of India in Pune. The Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine, is currently used in the routine Expanded Programme of Immunisation (EPI) across the world. However, the vaccine is over 100 years old and provides poor protection against pulmonary disease in adolescents and adults. Depending on the results, the recommendations would be sent to the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Both vaccines are being manufactured by Indian pharmaceutical companies. The price of the vaccines would be decided by the government. As per the 2018 annual report of the Central TB division of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the incidence of TB in India was nearly 2.8 million annually, and the incidence of multidrug-resistant TB was 1,47,000 per year. The total number of deaths because of TB (excluding HIV) was 4,23,000, and the incidence of HIV-TB was 87,000 per year. India contributes to 27 per cent of the global TB burden; the highest share globally. In this background, in 2017, the central government had committed itself to eliminating TB by 2025.

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