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Correct Option is All of the Above

Superior English Navy- The naval superiority of the English in the Seven Years’ War enabled the English to keep their communication with India undis­turbed, to keep their settlements at Bombay and Calcutta supplied with necessary reinforcements and to isolate the French force in the Carnatic. Territorial Ambitions overtook commercial interests- In their bid for territorial expansion in India the French forgot that they were primarily merchants. All through the Anglo-French hostilities the English busily transacted their ordinary commercial activities and in fact, the value of the export, as records of their trade and ship­ping show. Dupleix, on the other hand, deliberately came to the conclusion that for France, at any rate, the Indian Trade was a failure and that military conquest opened up a more attractive prospect. The English, however, never forgot that they were pri­marily a trading body. Inferior Commanders- It cannot be denied that the failure of the French was largely determined by personalities than by circums­tances. Hopeless incompetence of the French general such as Law, D’Ache, Lally etc. sealed the fate of the French in India. “Had Dupleix had at his disposal a military genius of the type of Clive, the history of India might have been altogether different.” Excessive government Control- The policy of the French Government was determined by the whims of the monarch. The French Government did not realise the importance of the colo­nial empires in India and America, and got her involved in the Continental War near her home which precluded her from sending adequate help to her colonies abroad.

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