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Correct Option is 73rd Amendment Act 1992

73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992 The act added part IX to the constitution, “The Panchayats” and also added the eleventh schedule which consists of the 29 functional items of panchayats. Part IX of the constitution contains Article 243 to Article 243 O. The amendment act provides shape to Article 40 of the constitution,(directive principles of state policy), which directs the state to organize the village panchayats and provide them powers and authority so they can function as self-government. State election commission The commission is responsible for superintendence, direction, and control of the preparation of electoral rolls and conducting elections for panchayat. State Finance Commission (Article 243-I) The state finance commission reviews the financial position of the panchayats and provides recommendations for the necessary steps to be taken to supplement resources to the panchayat. 52nd Amendment Act of 1985 It laid down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection and inserted schedule 10. Hence Option (a) is correct.

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