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Correct Option is 24th Amendment Act of 1971

Article 368 in Part XX of the Constitution deals with the powers of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure 1. It provides for two types of amendments, by a special majority of Parliament and also through the ratification of half of the states by a simple majority. 2. An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for purpose in either House of Parliament (Lok Sabha & RajyaSabha) and not in the state legislatures. 3. The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the president. 4. The president must give his assent to the bill. He can neither withhold his assent to the bill nor return the bill for reconsideration of Parliament. 24th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1971 made it obligatory for President to give his assent to a constitutional Amendment Bill. Hence Option (a) is correct. 52nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1985 It laid down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection and inserted schedule 10. 61st Constitutional Amendment Act of 1989 It reduces the voting age from 21 years to 18 years for the Lok Sabha and Assembly election.

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