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Correct Option is 52nd Amendment Act of 1985

Defection has been defined as abandoning a position or association, often to join an opposing group. The anti-defection law was enacted to ensure that a party member does not violate the mandate of the party and in case he does so, he will lose his membership of the House. The law applies to both Parliament and state assemblies. The 52nd Amendment Act of 1985 provided for the disqualification of the members of Parliament and the state legislatures on the ground of defection from one political party to another. It made changes to the Constitution and added a new Schedule (the Tenth Schedule) to the Constitution. This act is referred to as the ‘anti-defection law’. Hence Option (2) is correct.

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