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The Indian Councils Act 1861 1. It provided that the viceroy should nominate some Indians as non-official members of his expanded council. For legislative purposes, the Governor-General’s Council was enlarged. Now, there were to be between 6 and 12 additional members who were nominated by the Governor-General. It allowed for the decentralisation of administration with the vesting of legislative power to the presidencies of Bombay and Madras. 2. The provision was made for the formation of legislative councils in other provinces. New provinces could also be created for legislative purposes and Lieutenant Governors be appointed for them. Legislative councils were formed in other provinces in Bengal in 1862, North-West Frontier Province in 1866 and Punjab and Burma in 1897.

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