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Correct Option is None of the above

The 52nd Amendment Act of 1985 The Tenth Schedule of the Constitution (which embodies the anti-defection law)is designed to prevent evil or mischief of political defections motivated by the lure of office or material benefits or other similar considerations. It is intended to strengthen the fabric of Indian parliamentary democracy by curbing unprincipled and unethical political defections. A member of a House belonging to any political party becomes disqualified for being a member of the House 1.If he voluntarily gives up his membership of such political party 2. If he votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any direction issued by his political party(whip) without obtaining prior permission of such party and such act has not been condoned by the party within 15 days. Hence both statements are correct.

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