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Correct Option is New Zealand

New Zealand’s Parliament passed The Zero-Carbon Act. The Act is not a separate legislation but is an amendment to the existing Climate Change Responses Act, 2002. According to the New Zealand government, this is the first legislation in the world to make a legally binding commitment to living within 1.5 degrees Celsius of global warming. The Zero-Carbon Act will commit New Zealand to zero carbon emissions by 2050 or sooner, as part of the country’s attempts to meet its Paris climate accord commitments. The key aims of the Act include: reduce all greenhouse gases (except methane) to net zero by 2050, reduce emissions of biogenic methane (produced from biological sources) up to 24-47 percent below 2017 levels by 2050 and to 10 percent below 2017 levels by 2030, establish an independent Climate Change Commission and establish a system of emissions budget. The Act proposes separate targets for biogenic methane because methane is a short-lived gas and degrades into the atmosphere over the decades even though it is a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. Biogenic methane is emitted by livestock, waste treatment and wetlands. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

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