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Answer

Correct Option is Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

The term Panchayati Raj in India signifies the system of rural local self-government. It has been established in all states of India by the Acts of state legislatures to build democracy at the grass-root level. It is entrusted with rural development. It was constitutionalized through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. Balwant Rai Mehta Committee The committee was appointed in 1957, to examine and suggest measures for better working of the Community Development Programme and the National Extension Service. The committee suggested the establishment of a democratic decentralized local government which came to be known as Panchayati Raj. 1.Three-tier Panchayati Raj system (Gram panchayat, Panchayati Samiti, and Zila Parishad). 2. District collector to be made as to the chairman of the Zila Parishad. 3. Directly elected representatives to constitute the gram panchayat and indirectly elected representatives to constitute the Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad. 4. The Panchayat Samiti should be the executive body while the Zila Parishad should be the advisory, coordinating, and supervisory body. Hence Option (a) is correct.

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