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Answer

Correct Option is 1,2 and 3

The Constitution of India provides for a federal system of government in the country. Article 246 deals with the 7th Schedule of Indian Constitution that mentions three lists named as Union List, State List and Concurrent List which specify the divisions of power between Union and States. Union List consists of (100 subjects), the State List (61 subjects) and the Concurrent List (52 subjects). Both the Centre and the states can make laws on the subjects of the concurrent list, but in case of a conflict, the Central law prevails. 1. The Parliament has exclusive powers to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in the Union List like defence, banking, foreign affairs, currency, atomic energy, insurance, communication, inter-state trade and commerce, census, audit. Hence statement 4 is incorrect. 2. The state legislature has in normal circumstances exclusive powers to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in the State List like public order, police, public health and sanitation, agriculture, prisons, local government, fisheries, markets, theatres, gambling. Hence statement 1,2 and 3 are correct. 3. Both the Parliament and state legislature can make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List like criminal law and the procedure, civil procedure, marriage and divorce, population control and family planning, electricity, labour welfare, economic and social planning, drugs, newspapers, books and printing press, and others.

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