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It was a liberal reform movement within Islam. Sufism stressed the elements of devotion and love as a means of realization of God. It recommended a Pir or spiritual guru to enhance spiritual development. It also emphasized on meditation, musical performances (Sama), fasting, charity and ascetic practices. The Sufis believed in the concept of Wahdat-ul-Wajud (Unity of Being) which was promoted by Ibn-i-Arab

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