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Answer

Correct Option is Only 2

Article 123 of the Constitution empowers the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect as an act of Parliament but are in the nature of temporary laws. 1. He can promulgate an ordinance only when both the Houses of Parliament are not in session or when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session. An ordinance can also be issued when only one House is in session because a law can be passed by both the Houses and not by one House alone. An ordinance made when both the Houses are in session is void. Thus, the power of the President to legislate by ordinance is not a parallel power of legislation. 2. His ordinance-making power is coextensive as regards all matters except duration, with the law-making powers of the Parliament Hence statement 1 and 3 are incorrect.

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