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Answer

Correct Option is 1 and 2

Collective Responsibility The fundamental principle underlying the working of the parliamentary system of government is the principle of collective responsibility. Article 74 The advice tendered by Ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court. Article 75 clearly states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. This means that all the ministers own joint responsibility to the Lok Sabha for all their acts of omission and commission. They work as a team and swim or sink together. When the Lok Sabha passes no-confidence motion against the council of ministers, all ministers have to resign including those ministers who are from the Rajya Sabha. The council of ministers can advise the president to dissolve the Lok Sabha on the ground that the House does not represent the views of the electorate faithfully and call for fresh elections. The President may not oblige the council of ministers that has lost the confidence of the Lok Sabha. Article 77 All executive action of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the President. Hence statement 1 and 2 are correct and statement 3 is incorrect.

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