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Answer

Correct Option is It is a growth in an economy that is the result of a higher percentage of working population

Solution:The correct choice is option (b) which can be inferred from first paragraph which mentions,” In the past few decades, concerns about “population explosion” have given way to joy about a “demographic dividend”. The latter is expected to give a push to economic growth due to the lower dependency ratio which results from having a larger proportion of the population in the working-age group. “ 

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