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Answer

Correct Option is Both 1 and 2

The guiding philosophy of the Indian Constitution is enshrined in Part III (Fundamental Rights) and Part IV (DPSPs). - Of the two main rights viz. political and socio-economic (enshrined in the Preamble too), Part III provides political rights whereas, DPSPs provides Indian citizens the socio-economic rights and justice. - Thus, Part III implies liberalism while Part IV, the socialism. Since both are equally important(As per the Supreme Court, in the Minerva Mills Case, 1980), the Indian Constitution strikes a perfect balance between liberalism and socialism. - Articles 15(2), 16(2), 23, 24, etc of Part III and Articles 38, 39, 41, etc of Part IV imply the Rawlsian theory of distributive justice.

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