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Correct Option is 1, 3 and 4 Only

Leader of the Opposition - In each House of Parliament, there is the ‘Leader of the Opposition’. - The leader of the largest Opposition party having not less than one tenth seats of the total strength of the House is recognized as the leader of the Opposition in that House. This is why the post of LoP was vacant during 1980-89 and at present, since 2014. - The 1977 Act defines LoP as that member of the House who is the “Leader in that House of the party in opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognized as such by the Chairman of the Council of States or the Speaker of the House of the People. - The Speaker’s decisions in this regard have so far been determined by Direction 121(c) which laid down one of the conditions for recognition of party or group as having “at least a strength equal to the quorum fixed to constitute a sitting of the House, that is one-tenth of the total number of members of the House”. - Although they were accorded statutory recognition in 1977, it was in 1969 that an official leader of the opposition was recognized for the first time in Rajya Sabha. - His/her main functions are to provide a constructive criticism of the policies of the government. - LoP plays a crucial role in bringing bipartisanship and neutrality to the appointments in institutions of accountability and transparency viz. CVC, CBI, CIC, Lokpal etc.

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