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Answer

Correct Option is 1,2,3 and 4

The Constitution of India provides for a federal system of government in the country. Article 246 deals with the 7th Schedule of Indian Constitution that mentions three lists named as Union List, State List and Concurrent List which specify the divisions of power between Union and States. Union List consists of (100 subjects), the State List (61 subjects) and the Concurrent List (52 subjects). Both the Centre and the states can make laws on the subjects of the concurrent list, but in case of a conflict, the Central law prevails. The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 transferred five subjects to Concurrent List from State List (a) education (b) forests, (c) weights and measures, (d) protection of wild animals and birds, and (e) administration of justice; constitution and organisation of all courts except the Supreme Court and the high courts. Thus statement 1,2,3 and 4 are correct. Communication is under the Union List. The Parliament has exclusive powers to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in the Union List Hence statement 5 is not correct.

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