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Correct Option is Only 2

A Right To Information query has found that scientists from Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) are grossly under-represented in scientific institutions funded by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT). Key findings: Several of these institutions just about meet the government prescribed criteria for reservation — 15% for SC and 7.5% for ST. However, posts of scientist and technical grade staff (where reservation rules are not mandatory) see only single-digit representation from the reserved categories (excluding the Other Backward Classes category). For instance, in the National Institute of Immunology (NII), an organisation funded by the DBT, only two from the SC category were scientists. There was no scientist from the ST category. In the Regional Centre for Biotechnology, another DBT institute, set up under the auspices of the UNESCO, four of the 44 permanent posts were held by SC/ST candidates. However, none were in the scientist category. The Pune-based National Centre for Cell Sciences had the highest representation of SCs and STs among scientists — five in the SC category and two from the STs. The Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI) in Faridabad, also an autonomous DBT institute, records just two of its 32 permanent employees from the SC/ST category of whom one was in the scientist grade.

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