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Edwin Samuel Montagu who was Secretary of State for India (1917-1922), made a declaration in August 1917 which defined the aim of Policies of British Empire in India. This declaration is also called August Declaration or Montague's Statement. Montague statement was the precursor to the Government of India Act, 1919 (Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms). Background for Montague Statement At the onset of World War I, the reassignment of most of the British army in India to Europe and Mesopotamia, had led the previous Viceroy, Lord Harding, to worry about the shifting of troops from India as revolutionary violence was an issue in India.The declaration was in response of Nationalist activities like Home Rule League.Large no of Revolutionaries were jailed under the provisions of the Defense of India Act. Montague statement was an effort in direction of the appeasement of Indian Nationalist. Provisions of the Montague Statement The increasing involvement of Indians in every branch of administration.Montague statement proposed for gradual development of Self-governing institution considering the progressive realisation of responsible government in India.The sole authority to judge the time and measure of each advancement towards self-government would be British Government and Govt of India and in this, they would be guided by the responsible Indian leaders.The declaration focussed on limited self-government at first, it was the first such British proposal in a non-white colony for any form of representative government."

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