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Answer

Correct Option is Only 2

The sun is vertically overhead at the equator on two days each year termed as equinox– meaning equal nights, because on these two days all parts of the world have equal days and nights. When the sun is vertically overhead in Tropic of Cancer, northern hemisphere will experience longest day and shortest night called summer solstice. When the sun is vertically overhead in Tropic of Capricorn, southern hemisphere will experience the longest day and shortest night called winter solstice.

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