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Correct Option is 1 and 2 only

On the occasion of International Tiger Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the results of the fourth cycle of All India Tiger Estimation - 2018. India has been estimating its tigers using a double sampling approach involving a mark-recapture framework to ascertain tiger numbers. During the 4th cycle, data was collected using an Android based application- M-STrIPES (Monitoring system for Tigers’ Intensive Protection and Ecological Status). Key Findings: Statement 1 is incorrect: The count of tigers in India has risen to 2967, in 2018, according to this census. -The 33% rise in tiger numbers is the highest ever recorded between cycles which stoodat 21% between 2006 to 2010 and 30% between 2010 and 2014. Statement 2 is incorrect: Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnatakaat 524 with Uttarakhand at number 3 with 442 tigers. -Chhatisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in their tiger numbers while tiger’s numbers inOdisha remained constant. All other States witnessed a positive trend. -At the landscape level, all 5 landscapes showed an increase with the Central Indian landscape recording the highest increment. Statement 3 is correct: India achieved its commitment to the St. Petersburg Declaration, of doubling Tiger population, much in advance to the 2022 deadline. -4th cycle of the Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Tiger Reserves (MEETR): On the occasion, the Prime Minister also released report of the 4th cycle of the ManagementEffectiveness Evaluation of Tiger Reserves (MEETR). -Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh scored the highest and Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve,Tamil Nadu showed the highest increment in management since the last cycle. -42% of the tiger reserves fell in the Very Good management category, 34% in the Good category,24% in the Fair category while no tiger reserve was rated Poor. -In the last five years, there has been an increase in the “protected areas.” In 2014, there were692 protected areas, which increased to more than 860 in 2019. The “Community Reserves”have also grown from 43, in 2014, to more than 100 now.

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