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The UN Secretary General António Guterres convened a special Climate Action Summit, at the start of the annual General Assembly session, in a bid to nudge countries to do more to fight climate change. António Guterres convened the 2019 Climate Action Summit to raise the global level of ambition to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and to galvanize action that can limit climate change to 2°C and even 1.5°C as science now asks. The Secretary-General has called on all the leaders to come up with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, in line with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45 per cent over the next decade and to net zero emissions by 2050. How does the Summit relate to other global climate events? The Climate Action Summit is not a part of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process, designed to oversee the implementation of the Paris Agreement, nor is it an alternative to the UNFCCC. Rather, the Summit is being convened to fully support that process by providing a much-needed shot in the arm to implementation efforts, an effort that was fully endorsed by the countries at the previous conferences, since COP21 in Paris, France, in 2015. By spurring increased levels of action and ambition, it is hoped that the countries will submit far more ambitious national plans at COP25 in 2019 and COP26 in 2020, to ensure that climate change is limited to well under 2°C, or better, 1.5°C.

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