Pressure groups are the groups that try to influence government agreements. The pressure organizations are also known as vested associations or interest organizations. These associations are constructed when people with common employment, involvement, aspirations and viewpoints come concurrently in order to attain a common goal. Read on to learn more about the functions & role of pressure groups.

Functions of Pressure Groups

Given below are the functions of pressure groups:

# Interest associations make the needs and demands of the individual to the attention of the decision-makers. The procedure by which the statements of the individuals get concentrated and conveyed is called interest articulation.

# Interest organizations are representatives of political affiliation in so far as they affect the directions of the individual towards the political procedure. These organizations play a crucial part as two-way communication chains between the citizens and the government.

# Interest organizations play an important part in the legislative procedure, not just as significant patterns of interest articulation but as well as active agencies committed in lobbying with the legislators for ensuring desired constitutions or modifications in laws and rules of the government.

# Right from the moment of preparation of election manifestos of several political clubs to the passing of constitutions by the legislators, the interest groups stay related with the procedure of decision-making.

# Interest Associations are vigorously involved with the procedure of government. Through lobbying with the bureaucracy, the interest organizations are generally in a role to affect the procedure of policy execution.

Role of Pressure Group

The role of the pressure group is mentioned below:

# Interest associations attempt to use the judicial process for protecting and ensuring their interests. Interest groups always seek entry to the court for redressal of their objections against the administration also for getting proclaimed a specific judgment or agreement as unconstitutional.

# Interest associations play a prominent role in the development of public viewpoints. Every pressure group is continuously committed in analyzing all such rules, laws, policies and decisions which have an indirect or direct relevance on the interests it influences. It constantly places the benefits and drawbacks not just before its partners but also before the common public for producing popular support and also for grabbing the interest of the government.

# They attempt to attain public support and compassion for their objectives and their action by carrying out data organising meetings, file petitions, campaigns, etc. Vastly these groups attempt to involve the media in providing awareness to these problems.

Importance of Pressure Group

# Interest associations enable in enhancing the quality of administration. Consultation with influential groups is the practical direction to make judgments in an independent society. It makes administration more productive by improving the quality of the rulemaking procedure – the data and guidance given by these groups benefit to enhance the quality of administration rule and legislation.

# Freely functioning pressure groups are important to the beneficial operation of liberal democracy. They serve as crucial mediator organizations between administration and people. They assist in the distribution of political power. They give significant counterweights to stabilize the attention of power.

# Interest organizations enable current concerns and problems to reach the political plan, thereby promoting social advancement and deterring social stagnation e.g.the environmentalist and women’s movements.

# Interest organizations boost social cohesion and political peace by giving a ‘safety-valve’ platform for personal and communal objections and needs.

Also Read: Interest Groups in India: Why are Self-help Groups Formed?

Notes on Pressure Groups for UPSC

In order to prepare for the UPSC about the pressure groups, you have to understand the Interest group properly. So given below is a brief description of Interest organizations.

Interest organizations complement the task of opposition political clubs by uncovering the poor policies and misconduct of the administration. Interest associations thereby enhance the responsibility of rule-makers to electorates.

Interest associations benefit to educate citizens, compile information and give certain data to policymakers, therefore they operate as an informal basis of data. Effective beneficial participation of several organizations in government enables to harmonize common interests with personal group interests.

Pressure Groups Meaning

Pressure Groups meaning- Pressure associations try to make a difference in the public system by wielding pressure on the administration. It functions as a liaison between the administration and its partners. The interest associations support citizens in the given ways:

# The interest associations mobilise citizens to battle altogether to attain a certain goal.

# They try to affect administration policies in favour of citizen’s interests.

# They have a particular aim to accomplish.

What are Pressure Groups?

What are pressure groups? They are various from the political clubs, as they neither participate in elections nor attempt to seize political strength. They are worried about certain programmes and problems and their actions are constrained to the safety and publicity of the interests of their partners by affecting the government.

The interest associations affect the decision-making and policy execution in the administration through formal and lawful procedures like publicity, maintaining, correspondence, lobbying, petitioning, propagandising, public debating, connections with their lawmakers and so forth.

Also Read: Are Pressure Groups and Interest Groups the Same? Here’s What You Should Know about the Differences

Examples of Interest Group in India

Given below are some examples of interest groups in India:

Trade Unions Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC), Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS), All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)
Anomic Associations Dal Khalsa, Naxalite Groups, United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA), Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), etc.
Tribal Groups Tribal League of Assam, National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), United Mizo federal organisation, Tribal National Volunteers (TNU) in Tripura, etc.
Business Association Federation of All India Foodgrain Dealers Association (FAIFDA), Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), etc
Agrarian organization Bharatiya Kisan Union, All India Kisan Sabha, etc
Caste Association Nadar Caste Association, Harijan Sevak Sangh, etc
Professional Organization Bar Council of India (BCI), All India Federation of University and College Teachers (AIFUCT), Indian Medical Association (IMA)
Linguistic Organisation Andhra Maha Sabha, Tamil Sangh, etc
Religious Association Jamaat-e-Islami, Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), Rashtriya SwayamSevak Sangh (RSS), etc.
Ideology based Association India Against Corruption, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Women’s Rights Organisation, Chipko Movement, etc.
Student’s Organisations National Students Union of India (NSUI), All India Students Federation (AISF), Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP)

Pressure associations or interest organizations are now evaluated as an important and useful component of the democratic procedure. Society has evolved to be highly complicated and people can’t seek their interests on their own. They require the assistance of other human beings in order to increase enormous bargaining strength, this allows rise to interest organizations based on general interests.

Representative politics has to be politics through negotiation, through the interview, and some quantity of bargaining is as well active. Therefore, it’s very crucial for the administration to discuss these organised associations at the moment of policy-making and execution.

For better preparation and detailed information join UPSC Pathshala. There you will get all the assistance and guidance you need in order to achieve your desired marks. So hurry up and join now.

Also Read: What are Pressure Groups in India? Everything You Need to Know for Your UPSC Preparations

Content Protection by
Functions & Role of Pressure Groups: Here’s What You Must Know for the Upcoming UPSC Exam
Article Name
Functions & Role of Pressure Groups: Here’s What You Must Know for the Upcoming UPSC Exam
Publisher Name
UPSC Pathshala
Publisher Logo

About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

View All Articles